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Studying Kanji for the JLPT N5

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Mar 4, 2021

如果你是一个对日语感兴趣的人,那么你可能听说过日语互助会. JLPT stands for“japanese语言Proficiency Test”and, as the name suggests, it’s a test of your japanese abilities. 

The test is split into 5 levels, 最低为N5(基本水平),最高为N1(高级水平). 是国际公认的日语技能测试之一, the JLPT is a great way both to test yourself, and to prove your abilities to others. 

一个元素的日本,特别是新来的斗争与漢字(kanji,  如何characters). Whether it’s getting the readings mixed up, forgetting the meaning, or mistaking it for another kanji, kanji-related study can be tough. In this article, 我将带你了解关于汉字你需要学习的信息, 以及讨论在JLPT N5中你将会看到什么样的问题. 

What kanji do you need to know for the JLPT 5?

How many Kanji do I need to learn for the JLPT N5? 

为了自信地通过考试,你需要学习大约100个汉字. This may seem like a lot at first, 但这些汉字是建立坚实的日语词汇的重要的第一步. Not only do they appear in commonly used terms, 几乎所有的这些词汇也被用于更高级的词汇中. 

japanese食品vocabulary is basic, so let’s use饮食()as an example. In the JLPT N5, it is used In two words:吃(taberu,“to eat”)and食物(tabemono,”food)”). 然而,它也被运用于一个巨大的各种各样的更高级的食品相关条款,如食料品(shokuryouhin, “groceries”)和外出就餐(gaishoku,“eating out”). 通过现在正确地学习这些汉字,你将使你未来的学习更容易.

How to really learn Kanji

初来乍到的人在为JLPT N5学习汉字时经常犯的一个错误是,只学习最常见的阅读汉字的方法, 这可能会导致以后用这些汉字学习新词汇时出现很多问题. 为了有效地学习汉字,重要的是要同时学习汉字和汉字 onyomi (音读)and the kunyomi (训读)readings. 

But what are onyomi and kunyomi ? 大多数汉字可以用不同的发音读,有些是 onyomi readings and others being kunyomi readings. 虽然一开始很难弄清楚什么时候使用哪种阅读方式 onyomi are used together with other kanji to make nouns, whilst kunyomi often has平假名hiragana,  “日语的音节表”)附在它后面构成动词或形容词. 

Take学(“study”)as an example. it’s onyomi reading is学(gaku), and it’s kunyomi reading is ?认识). Three common words that it’s used in are学生(gakusei, “student”),大学(daigaku, “university”)和学习(认识bu, “to study”). Do you see how it’s read学(gakuwith other kanji, whilst it’s read玛奈认识with hiragana characters? 一般来说,这就是决定使用哪种汉字的方法.  

所以,要正确地学习汉字,你应该学习它的意思,它的 onyomi reading and its kunyomi reading. 我通常会记下一些使用不同阅读材料的单词, to help me remember which is which. 如果你做了所有这些,那么你就会正确地学会这个汉字. 

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我希望在JLPT N5中看到什么样的汉字问题? 

日语考试N5中与汉字相关的问题往往放在考试的最开始. 能够轻松地回答这些问题是解决紧张情绪的好方法, 让正规网赌十大排行来看看这两种与汉字相关的问题. 

第一类问题将要求您选择包含汉字字符的单词的正确平假名拼写. The word will be underlined and put into a sample sentence, then you’ll have four hiragana spellings to choose from. Let’s look at an example.

新鞋。。(atarashii kutsu desu,  “these are new shoes”)

A:新的B:真邋遢C:真邋遢D:真邋遢 

如果你知道你的汉字,这类问题是相当简单的,是一个很好的热身. The four hiragana spellings are normally very similar, so make sure to double check you pick the right one. (The answer here is A!)

第二类问题与第一类问题相反. 给你一个带下划线的平假名的例句. 这四个答案通常都有相似的汉字,所以仔细看! Sometimes they use片假名(katakana, “日语音节”)而不是汉字,所以也要做好准备.  

What’s stroke order?

Lastly, let’s discuss kanji stroke order. With all kanji, 每一行都有一个特定的顺序, as well as a direction that each line should be written in. Whilst there are exceptions, there are some general rules, which if you follow them, will let you write kanji correctly. Here’s a (very) summarized list of rules. 

  1. Start by writing horizontal lines first, left to right.
  2. Next, write any vertical lines, top to bottom. 
  3. Diagonal lines should be written from right-to-left first.
  4. 如果汉字是方框形状,则首先绘制方框的顶部和侧面. 
  5. Dots and small dash lines are added in at the end.

So, why is stroke order relevant? well, most importantly, 通过书写正确的顺序,你的汉字最终将是匀称的,易读的. This might not be so obvious when writing in pencil, 但在书法中更明显,毛笔更清楚地显示了手的运动. 我强烈建议现在就养成正确书写汉字的习惯, rather than later when you have developed bad habits.

这就是本文的全部内容,我希望它已经回答了您关于汉字和JLPT N5的问题. good luck! 

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真理 the author: 杰克·哈洛斯是一名日语翻译,曾在北海道做过一段时间的英语教师, japan. He passed the JLPT N2 in July 2019, 他正在等待covid-19之后的下一个可用机会感染N1病毒. writes about japanese language learning at vocab.chat. 

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