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100+ Japanese Words for Learning about Japanese Culture

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May 112020

Looking to Learn about Japanese Culture? 这里有100多个基本的日语词汇来描述日本独特的传统和习俗

Want to make the most out of learning Japanese? 

学习这些与文化相关的词汇,可以让你的日语学习更有深度!  

Even if you’re studying Japanese online, you can still familiarize yourself with its wonderful culture. Ready to dive in?

drops发布了数百个与日本独特的传统和习俗有关的新日语词汇和短语. 

Get ready to learn something new while immersing yourself! 下面是一些描述日本独特文化时你需要知道的日语词汇和短语. 

100 essential Japanese words to describe Japanese traditions and customs

Politeness Plays an Important Role in the Japanese Language 

敬語(轻音, keigo) -“Respectful Language” 

You can show respectful language in your自我介绍 jikoshoukai)——”self-introduction”. When meeting people for the first time, you would say初次见面(初次见面, 离开别人的处所时)——“it is the first time.Then end your introduction with请多关照。杜佐·yoroshiku onegai shimasu)—’please take care of me’. 

附和(aizuchi) -“Japanese Filler Words” 

用日文填充词表明你正在参与一场讨论. While it may seem odd to repeatedly say“yes,”or“uh-huh,during a conversation in English, it’s commonplace to respond うん (un—“是”,是吗? (sou desu ka)——“really?”,or原来如此(naruhodo) -“i see”。. It shows your Japanese conversation partner that you’re paying attention!

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The Plural Form Doesn’t Exist in The Japanese Language

日语使用后缀,有时甚至是前缀来显示一个名词的存在程度.

One common suffix every learner should know is计数法, kazoekata)——”counters”. 

Japanese Counters and How to Count Anything in Japanese 

日语根据名词的形状等特征给名词赋计数器.

個 (こ, kothe counter for small items,回,回。 kaicounter for times, and册, satsu)—counter for books are some of the most common ones. 

It's a good idea to start with the generic counter, used for objects with counters that may be difficult to determine. 

一个,一个, hitotsu) -“one”

两个,两个, futatsu) -“two”

三(三), mittsu) -“three”

四(yottsu) -“four”

五(itsutsu) -’five’

六(muttsu) -“six”

七(七)。. nanatsu) -“seven”

八(yattsu) -“eight”

九个(kokonotsu) -“nine”

十(too) -“ten” 

But what about 一、二、三(一、二、三, ichi, ni, san) - 1, 2, 3? These differences lie in how you read the kanji.

The Difference Between音读, on”(and训读,训读, kun”()

汉字(kanji) are ideograms. Each character shows a visual meaning.


Kanji, originating in China, was brought to Japan through Korea.  音读,音读, on”(is the Chinese reading of kanji. has Japanese readings or训读(日语发音, kun”(). 

When kanji appear together, the Chinese reading is used. 通常当汉字后面跟平假名时,你会使用日语阅读. 

一开始可能听起来很多,但请记住,汉字是图像词. this makes drops 它是学习日语的完美工具,因为它是一个交互式的视觉平台.  

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Japanese Onomatopoeia Expresses More Than Just Sound 

听起来像威猛乐队和大爆炸乐队听起来像漫画书里的东西,对吧? 

How about sounds for getting angry or feeling lazy? 

在日语中,这些声音或拟声词很好地融入了语言. 拟声词,可以指: giongo)—are words that represent sound and拟态词, gitaigo)—are words that represent conditions or states of being. 

The sounds are usually repetitive, which makes them easier to learn with drops! You won’t get bored with the same old flashcards, either. drops可以让你在短时间内接触到足够多的内容,而且它可以直观地与你的进度联系在一起. so get 欢欣雀跃 (兴奋,wakuwaku)——”excited”!

拟态词,可以指: gitaigo) -“Words to Describe conditions” 

有时没有声音来描述某些情况,比如情绪或身体运动. 

But the Japanese language does have expressions for these!  急躁,急躁,急躁 irairais the“sound”of someone feeling irritated. 零零星星,零零星星。 chirachira) describes someone glancing quickly.

拟声词,可以指: giongo) -“Words to Describe Sounds”

Did you know that sparkling makes a sound? In Japanese it's闪闪发光, kirakira). 

There are more sound effects such as don(咚咚咚, dondon)—the sound of a beating drum or黄莺(呼呼, guuguu)——the sound someone makes when snoring. You may already know the sound a cat makes,喵喵(喵喵) nyan nyan)——”meow”. Dogs say汪汪, wanwan) - bow wow”. 

咕噜咕噜is the sound for something rolling heavily. 它可以用来形容打雷,但也表示一个人懒洋洋地在床上打滚. It’s also the sound of a grumbling stomach! But Japan has plenty of food to satisfy your appetite, so no need to use this word in that sense, here!   

From Sweet to Savory: Japanese Food and Drink 

寿司是极简主义和平衡的典范,这是日本文化的主要主题

Japan has some of the best food in the world! There’s much more than what’s on your plate, however. Maybe you’ve noticed the warm湿毛巾(oshibori)—the wet hand towel used to clean your hands before eating. Or the柚子(柚子, yuzu)—’citrus yuzu’used to clear the palate between courses. Here are some more customs related to Japanese cuisine. 

Words for Mealtime in Japanese 

我吃了。 itadakimasu)——words said before having a meal meaning“I humbly receive.After a meal, it's customary to say谢谢您的款待。 gochisousama deshita)——“Thank you for the meal.Of course, you’ll want to know how to say delicious -好吃(好吃, oishiibecause you’ll be using this word often when eating Japanese food!  

Savory Japanese Foods You Should Know 

面(men)—Noodles. 日本has various kinds! Can you guess which kind this is?

除了从中国进口的拉面外,日本还有好几种面条. Japanese noodles include乌冬(udon)—thick udon noodles and素面(挂面, soumen)—thin wheat noodles and more.  

荞麦面,荞麦面。 soba)—soba or buckwheat noodles are made from a grain, not wheat. That means不含麸质(guruten no haitte inai)—’soba is gluten free’! It can be served cold as荞麦面, zarusobaor fried as烤荞麦面, yakisoba)——”yakisoba”.

在新年前夕,日本人喜欢“年终荞麦”或年越し蕎麦(としこしそば, toshikoshi sobawith some酱油(酱油,酱油) shouyu)—“soy sauce”and出(dashi) -”soup反复”。. The long noodles represent crossing from one year to The next. 

Another popular dish is御好烧, okonomiyaki). These savory pancakes are sometimes topped with干鲣鱼(katsuoboshi)—“dried fish flakes”and天渣(dried fish flakes) tenkasufried bits from天妇罗(天妇罗, tenpura)——”tempura”. 而广岛和大阪府则以这道菜而闻名, okonomiyaki is available all over Japan. 

西方的早餐可能包括鸡蛋和烤面包,但早餐在日本味噌汁(みそしる, miso shiru)—”miso soup”,made with酱(酱)miso)——”miso paste”. Miso soup contains裙带菜, wakame)—’wakame’,one of the three types of seaweed. のり(nori)—’dried seaweed’and海带(海带, konbu) or“konbu kelp”also appear in many Japanese dishes. 

当然,在谈论日本食物的时候,你不可能不提到寿司! Sushi contains a slice of carefully prepared raw fish on寿司饭, sushimeshi)——”sushi rice”. 

Without the sushi rice, it’s生鱼片, sashimi)——”sashimi”. They're commonly presented as卷绳, makizushi)—“sushi rolls”and served with gari (gari)—“pickled ginger”and芥末(wasabi)——”wasabi”. 

Sushi also has different forms. 手握寿司。 nigirizushi) - hand-pressed sushi,日式寿司, inarizushi) - sushi wrapped in bean curd, and压寿司, oshizushi)——pressed sushi with vinegared fish. You can try these varieties of sushi at回转寿司, kaitenzushi)—restaurants where sushi comes to customars on a conveyor belt! 

如何drinks 

Tea has a deep-rooted tradition in Japanese culture

抹茶,抹茶。 maccha)—’matcha’or green tea powder plays a powerful role in Japanese culture. It’s a part of茶道, sadou)—the Japanese tea ceremony, where tea is prepared ritualistically. It’s a very serious but serene tradition. 

Other teas, such as无忌(mugicha)—’barley tea’,are served cold in Japan’s hot summers. 和绿茶, ryokucha)—”green tea”,goes well with many Japanese sweets. 

Japan also has drinks known for their bitter taste, such as酒, sake)—“sake”or rice wine. But there are also sweet drinks like柠檬汽水 ramune)—‘ramune’and a popular sports drink,宝矿力水特, pokari suetto)——”pocari sweat”. These are available in almost every自动贩卖机, jidouhanbaiki)——”vending machine”.

Traditional Japanese Sweets 

和式点心, wagashi) are traditional Japanese confections. These sweets are not super sugary but have a natural flavor to them. 年糕,年糕。 mochi)—“mochi”or sticky rice cakes, for example, are very chewy and soft. When filled with red bean jam, it’s known as大福, daifukuand as团子(团子, 桩大规模会谈when steamed and glazed with sweet soy sauce. 

It’s not hard to find wagashi at any of Japan’s many festivals. They’re also sold by street vendors or found at convenience stores. 如果你曾经参加日本的节日或参观寺庙神社,一定要尝试どらやき(dorayaki(pancakes filled with sweet bean jam and刨冰, kakigoori)——”shaved ice”. 

use drops to help you remember all the great food you’ll want to try! 每天只需花5分钟,你就可以了解日本食物的这些单词. Just try not to get too hungry while studying. 

Japan isn’t just all about amazing food. 这里的文化充满了历史地标和建筑,使参观这个国家成为一次难忘的旅行. 

Tradition and Modernity:日本陆地 

tokyo skytree

kyo, Japan’s capital, has a population of over 9百万人民. That’s more than New York! 东京塔such as东京塔, toukyou tawaa)—“Tokyo Tower”and东京晴空塔(东京晴空塔,东京晴空塔) toukyou sukai tsurii)——”tokyo skytree”. 

But not too far away lies浅草寺, sensouji) - sensou-ji temple, 东京最古老的佛教寺庙,以其巨大的灯笼门和醒目的红色而闻名. 

明治神宫(There’s also), 听jinguu)—Meiji shrine, dedicated to the late Emperor Meiji. 人们一年到头都去那里祈求好运,庆祝节日,甚至结婚. 它坐落在涩谷,也是闻名渋谷スクランブル交差点(しぶやすくらんぶるこうさてん, shibuya sukuranburu kousaten)—Shibuya scrambled crossing.


shubuya crossing

Outside of Tokyo in关西地区, 关西chihou)——南部中央或“关西”地区的日本大阪,以小坂城(おさかじょう, osakajou)—osaka castle and难波 nanba)—it’s famous crowded shopping district. 

osaka castle

Similar to kyo’s 银座,银座。 要好好fight)银座区,有很多商店和商店给你拥抱你内心オタク(おたく, otaku)——”otaku”. 

If you’re a fan of动漫, )—“姆”and漫画(漫画, “manga) - - -“漫画”或日本漫画书,你会碰到铁杆粉丝在コスプレ(こすぷれ, kosupure)—“cosplaying”and see places to buy figurines. Check out the 大头贴 (火辣辣的, purikura(picture taking machines at the arcades and卡拉ok) karaoke)—“karaoke”by visiting a karaoke box. They serve food and drink there while you sing to your heart’s content! 

kyoto, which was once the capital of Japan, 金阁寺(has), 金阁寺(kinkakuji)——富丽堂皇的金色亭子和著名的禅宗佛教花园. 每年都会有一些游客来到京都,但任何人都不允许进入. 

Another famous temple, 东大寺(东大寺), todaiji)—todaiji temple, is located in Nara, a city that borders kyoto. A central part of Japan’s Zen Buddhism, 这座寺庙拥有世界上最大的青铜佛像之一.  

daily drops可以给你一个新的日本旅游目的地的名字. 开始使用这个应用程序来了解你可以参观的各种公园和博物馆! 

Japanese文化Emphasizes Spirituality 

zen gardening

禅宗、佛教和神道是日本主要的宗教. 从日本传统的娱乐活动中可以看出,精神是日本文化的重要组成部分. 膳,膳。 zen) -“禅”的意思是冥想,其哲学侧重于达到精神上的启迪. 

Japanese Martial Arts and创意Arts 

武士之路(Spiritual harmony influenced the way of the) samurai“samurai”and other武道(葡萄, budou)—“martial arts”such as剑道(剑道, kendou)—”kendo”,空手道(因此, karate)—”karate”,and弓道, kyuudou)——”如何archery”. 

There’s also Japanese performing arts, known as歌舞伎, kabuki)——”kabuki”. 演员舞蹈和奢侈行为在传统服饰,其中可能包括着物(きもの, kimono)—’kimono’,木屐,木屐, geta) - wooden sandals. In the background, traditional stringed instruments like三味线 shamisen或琴,或琴, koto)—the“koto”. 

kimono

鲜花,鲜花,鲜花。 ikebana)—Japanese flower arrangement and折纸(折纸, origami)—‘origami’are prime examples of seeking serenity through art. 这些艺术形式被许多其他文化所推崇,因为它们既轻松又有趣. 

既然你对日本文化有了广泛的了解,你就可以 start practicing your skills with drops!

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