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学习荷兰文化的80多个荷兰语词汇

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2020年9月10日,

把一个词翻译成另一种语言是一回事. But getting to know 语言-specific words can take your knowledge of a culture to the next level! 

荷兰 (“荷兰”)有这样的原汁原味的食物, 生活方式, way of looking at things that it would be a shame to miss out on the following 80+ Dutch words.

几乎每次谈话中都会用到的荷兰语

和其他语言一样, some words are just too typical or grammatically necessary to leave out of everyday conversations. 

单数定冠词: De raam? Het塔费尔? 

Two small words you’ll need to get the hang out of while you’re studying Dutch, 定冠词" the "的翻译. 这是正确的. 就像法语一样, 西班牙语, 和德国, Dutch has multiple options when it comes to the singular form of the definite article. 

想知道什么时候该用 het or de 可能看起来是个挑战,但要正确地指代 德塔费尔 (“表”) het raam (“窗户”)会让你看起来像一个 natuurtalent (“自然”)在你的荷兰新朋友面前.

昵称: Huisje-boompje-beestje

荷兰人设法让每件事听起来都很可爱. 通过添加后缀-tje,有人会 or -pje to pretty much any 努美阿n, you’ll fit into any conversation, whether casual or serious. 

你怕点一个吗 biertje (“little beer”) at a bar might result in you receiving a tiny beer? Give it a go, you’ll notice that the Dutch order their regular-sized drinks the same way.

The Dutch like their diminutives so much that they even make adjectives out of them, like the long huisje-boompje-beestje. 虽然它的字面意思是“小房子”, 小的树, 和小动物”, 它用来描述简单而无聊的事情.

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填充词: Stopwoordjes

如果你想像个真正的荷兰人那样说话, you’ll need to know what little words to 下降 into everyday conversations! 使用这些 stopwoordjes (“little filler words”) a couple of times, you’ll fit in immediately.

不要用肯定的回答来回答问题 ja (" yes "),你也可以用 齐克 (“当然”). It’s often used 和 sounds more positive 和 自信, which are two Dutch characteristics.

开始一个新的句子, no one would frown at you for using the Dutch equivalent of “well”, 这是 努美阿. 它经常过度使用.

An adjective 和 adverb that is used similarly to the English “really”, is 真正的. 你可以用它来表示某事是 真正的leuk (" really nice ")或用作疑问: 真正的? (即“真的?”)

作为感叹词,这个词 hoor 没有准确的英文翻译. It can be used to emphasize something 和 is placed at the end of a sentence, 当回答一个问题时, 或者自信地说些什么. The English words that you could compare it with are “of course” 和 “alright”.

  • 我爱你? (“你确定?”) - Ja hoor. (“是的,当然.”)
  • 我想我已经长大了. (“我会到的,好吧.”)

Zeg 是类似的感叹词吗 hoor. If placed at the beginning of a sentence, it could be translated into the adverb “say”. At the end of a sentence, it would be more fitting to translate it as “alright”.

  • 齐格,我是齐格? (“喂,你在这儿干什么?”)
  • 即使是兰格,他也是那只虫! (“这是一次长途飞行,没错!”)

Some other words you could place at the end of many Dutch sentences are 在佐薇的佐薇 (直译成“某某”和“某某”). 这两个小词组都相当于"等等". 虽然这些结局看起来很奇怪, 在佐薇的佐薇 是经典的填充词.

你应该知道荷兰语

描述荷兰文化的词语

乐观: 可爱的bezig zeg!

除了经常被形容为直接, 自信, 开放, 甚至有点粗鲁, 荷兰人被认为是快乐的, 外向的人. 他们的语言反映了这一点. 荷兰人可以给你上百种其他的表达方式 fantastisch (" fantastic "),这里有几个例子.

当某件事很棒的时候,用 leuk (“漂亮”)根本不够. 相反,你可以用这样的话来表达你的荷兰式乐观 toppie (“awesome”), helemaal te gek (类似于澳大利亚的“far out”),或 魔椅 (“美丽”).

When a conversation feels warm, the setting is cozy, you could say it’s gezellig. Looking forward to something fun that’s going to happen can give you a good feeling or voorpret. 它的字面意思是“在玩乐之前”. 

如果你想玩得很开心,你就是 gelukzak. Although the word literally translates into “bag of luck”, it just means you’re a lucky guy or girl.

如果你的荷兰老板用一种直接的方式和你说话,不要害怕. It’s part of Dutch culture not to put too much fluff into conversations. Although they might only address what you did wrong, your boss probably thinks you are 可爱的bezig (“一帆风顺”),你的父母一定是这样 apetrots (字面意思是“猴子骄傲”,但意思是非常骄傲). 

荷兰浪漫的农业形象: Tulpen en荷兰木鞋

尽管今天的荷兰农民还不到1%, visitors to the Netherl和s will often get to see the exact l和scape they dreamed of before they arrived. You’ll probably notice the green meadows with cows 和 the occasional classic molen (“磨坊”)当你在城市之间开车时.

即使 tulpen (郁金香)不是荷兰本土的, 它们已经成为这个国家浪漫农田形象的象征, 随着 荷兰木鞋 (“clogs’”)是一种传统的木制农用鞋.

荷兰有相当长的海岸线,有很多 wad (“泥滩”)躺在它前面. 它们是完美的一天 uitwaaien (字面意思是“吹出去”,但意思是“出去呼吸新鲜空气”). 

Because part of the country lies beneath sea level, the shore is protected by dijken (“堤坝”). 在许多城市,有 grachten (“运河”) kanalen (“频道”)你会发现 woonboten (“静”). 

Fietsen (“to bike”)是一种流行的出行方式. 这也是一种值得珍惜的消遣. Some of the bikes even have boxes on the side to move cargo, kids, or pets. 它们被称为 bakfietsen (照字面意义是“自行车”).

在冬天, sneeuw (“snow”) covering the l和scape, you’ll still see people grab their bikes. 荷兰人甚至期待着他们的河流结冰. 它允许他们 ijsschaatsen (“溜冰”),这是一项流行的冬季运动.

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食物:你想要 成熟 or hagelslag 在你的 boterham?

The Dutch might tell you that their classic dinner meal consists of three ingredients: 好了,好了 (或“土豆、蔬菜和肉类”). 但他们的饮食文化远不止这些! Because of the growing international population, there’s a lot of exotic influence in Dutch cuisine.

如果你只关注传统的荷兰食物, 你仍然会发现各种各样的甜的和美味的菜肴尝试. 邂逅了smakelijk (享受你的饭)!

一顿典型的午餐包括 boterhammen en soep (“三明治和汤”),三明治要么含有 成熟 (“cheese”), fine meat-products, or wisps of chocolate or sugar, known as hagelslag. Pinda成熟 (“peanut butter”)是另一个荷兰语 boterham 最喜欢的. Muisjes (literally “mice”) are tiny sugary balls that usually come in blue or pink 和 are used to put on beschuit (荷兰脆饼)庆祝孩子的出生.

你可以在自动贩卖机里买到油腻但美味的荷兰食物 外的de muur (“出墙”). 想到的 kroketten (“肉饼”), bitterballen (油炸肉丸), frik和ellen (肉末热狗). 

对于喜欢甜食的人来说,有 pannenkoeken (荷兰煎饼), poffertjes (小松饼),还有 stroopwafels (焦糖夹心的华夫饼). 百胜!

If you’re still not full after trying all of those delicious Dutch classics, you could devour some kruidnoten (姜饼小球)或者 下降 (“甘草”). 之后,你可能需要这样做 uitbuiken (literally “outbellying”; relax 和 digest because your stomach did such a good job).

现在你知道了 stopwoordjes, voorpret, fietsen

语言可以告诉你很多关于一种文化的信息. 荷兰人也一样. 即使当地人不经常使用这样的词 荷兰木鞋 or tulpen, they’re definitely what new learners of the Dutch 语言 think of when they have to sum up national symbols. 

你是否有兴趣学习荷兰语填充词, 表达乐观的方式, 日常生活, 或食物, you’re sure to pick up some culture-specific behavior or traditions. 这正是学习一门新语言的原因 佐薇plezierig (“非常有趣”).

成功遇到了het leren van 荷兰s! /祝你学荷兰语好运!

Want to learn more Dutch words like those you learned in this post? 试一试 正规网赌十大排行!

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作者简介:

Lisa is a multilingual freelance copywriter 和 blogger who spent the past year living out of a Jeep somewhere in Australia. 当她不写作或旅行的时候, 她喜欢逛博物馆的商店, 对着她的植物歌唱, 学习新的语言. 你可以找到她的印尼文化语言课程 用几句话概括巴厘岛. 在她的网站上, lisasvividwriting.com.

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